Robert A. Caro graduated from Princeton University, later became a Nieman Fellow at Harvard University, and was for six years an investigative reporter for Newsday. His first book, The Power Broker, won the Pulitzer Prize in biography and the Frances Parkman Prize of the Society of American Historians. Both The Path to Power and Means of Ascent won the National Book Critics Circle Award as the Best Nonfiction Book of the Year. Caro has also won the H. L. Mencken Award, the Carr P. Collins Award from the Texas Institute of Letters, and an Award in Literature from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. Caro has served as President of the Author's Guild of Americans and as Vice President of PEN.